The 1953 Iranian coup d’état, known in Iran as the 28 Mordad Coup, was the overthrow of the first democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh on 19 August 1953, orchestrated by the United Kingdom’s MI6 (Operation Boot) and the United States’s CIA (TPAJAX Project).
Mossadegh had sought to audit the books of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC), a British corporation (now BP) and to renegotiate the terms of the company’s access to Iranian oil reserves. Upon refusal of the AIOC to cooperate with the Iranian government, the parliament (Majlis) voted to nationalize the assets of the company and then, expel their representatives from the country. (!)
Following the coup, a military government under General Fazlollah Zahedi was formed which allowed exiled dictator Mohammad-Rezā Shāh Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran (Iranian king), to effectively rule the country as an absolute monarch.
By the 70’s, there was growing unrest with the Shah’s autocratic and repressive government along with its infamous police: the SAVAK. In January 1978 the first major demonstrations against the Shah occurred. After a year of strikes, clashes and millions of people on the streets, the country and its economy were paralyzed.
The Shah fled Iran in January 1979, then Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returned from exile to Tehran to establish the Islamic Republic, becoming the supreme leader.
Let’s go to our artist:
The golden age of Iranian pop music took place on a westernized and liberal Tehran of the 60’s and 70’s. This market offered an unprecedented way of artists for all tastes, the classically-trained Ramesh Azar Mohebbi (November 13, 1946) was part of it.
Playing the serious, quiet marquess in contrast of Googoosh’s languorous pop princess, both singers made the papers every time they changed their haircuts and appeared on TV frequently. Ramesh’s appearance though, was not as gay and colourful like the blond haired and joyfully dancing singer-actress mate!
Ramesh appeared dark haired, with stiffer hairstyles, always with a certain distance, never showing much of her emotions, except a somewhat melancholy of silence.
Belying what Light in the Attic promo-release says about the artist, Ramesh isn’t dead! Iranian Wiki, Youtube (!) and some musical blogs denies the fact. Its last song recording ‘Rumi’ (and album?) comes from 2003. Nowadays, she retired from music business and glamorous spots to devote (only) to its family and daughter. (!)
Let’s go to our album:
I must admit, I’m very thrilled by the artist of today, this compilation by Pharaway Sounds is arguably one of the best, presenting us a very rich scene that was the Iranian pre-revolution period. Other singers will be debuting here soon, ok?!
A funky queen whose rich voice sits like a mink coat, twirling it’s melancholy way around long-necked lutes, sleazy Western brass, strings, synths and goblet drums. Luckily, the collection of videos with her performances on TV programs and Festivals are vast! You can appreciate them at the following links, check it out!
The ‘IM’ highlights are: Mondanam Az Bodanet and Aroose Noghreh Poosh.
A1 Nago Na
A2 Goftehgoye Sabz
A4 Mondanam Az Bodanet w/ Fereidoon Farrokhzad
A6 Sharm-E Boos-E
B2 Aroose Noghreh Poosh
B3 Asmaar Asmaar
B5 Labe Daryaa
B6 Ghoroobaa Ghashangan
Pharaway Sounds – PHS009